Stewart (No.1) family genealogy

High Stewards of Scotland

Arms: Or. a fess chequy az. and ar.

CORC, No. 89 on the stem of the "Line of Heber," was married to Mongfionn, daughter of Feredach Fionn (also called Fionn Cormac), King of the Picts. Main Leamhna, one of the sons by that marriage, remained in Scotland with his grandfather, Feredach Fionn, who gave him land to inhabit, called Leamhain (anglicised Lennox), which his posterity enjoyed ever since with the appellation or title of Mór Mhaor Leamhna, i.e. "Great Steward of Lennox;" and at length became Kings of Scotland and of England. This term "Steward" is the origin of the sirnames Stewart and Stuart.

89. Corc: King of Munster.

90. Main Leamhna: his son.

91.Donal: his son.

92. Muredach: his son.

93. Alen (or Alan), the elder, first "Great Steward of Lennox:" his son; a quo Stewart.

94. Alen, the younger: his son.

95. Amhailgadh [awly], the elder; his son.

96. Awly, the younger: his son.

97. Walter: his son.

98. Donogh (Doncan or Duncan): his son.

"Here the old Irish copy of the Genealogy of this Royal Family is defective, some leaves being either torn or worn out with time, wherein the pedigree (in all likelihood) was traced down to the time of the writing of that hook some hundreds of years past; and no other copy extant to supply it. I am (therefore) necessitated to follow the Scottish writers, where they begin to take notice of this noble and princely family, in the person of Bianco, who was lineally descended from the above-named Donogh or Duncan, who was Thane of Lochquaber; was one of the chief nobility of Scotland; and near Kinsman to the good King Duncan, who was murdered by the usurper Macbeth, as were this Bianco and all his children except his son Fleance."—Four Masters.

[As this Bianco was murdered by Macbeth, he must have been contemporary with his " near kinsman the good King Duncan," who (see p. 39) is No. 108 on the "Lineal Descent of the Royal family;" we may therefore reckon Bianco as, at least, No. 107 on this family stem.]

107. Bianco, lineally descended from Duncan, who is No. 98 on this stem.

108. Fleance: his son.

109. Walter: his son.

110. Alan Stewart: his son. This Alan went to the Holy Land with Godfrey of Boloign (now "Boulogne") and Robert, duke of Normandy, A.D.1099; where he behaved himself with much valour, for the recovery of Jerusalem.

111. Alexander: his son.

112. Walter: his son; who in the great battle of Largys, fought against the Danes, A.D.1263.

113. Alexander (2): his son.

114. John, of Bute: his son; lord high steward of Scotland; was one of the six governors of the Kingdom during the controversy between Robert Bruce and John Balioll, for the Crown, A.D.1292.

115. Walter: his son. This Walter, lord high steward of Scotland, married Margery,[1] only daughter of Robert Bruce, King of Scotland; on whom the Crown was entailed, by Parliament, upon default of male issue of the said Robert Bruce's only son, David, which happened accordingly.

116. Robert Stewart: their son; was A.D.1370, under the name of "Robert the Second," crowned King of Scotland.

117. John: his natural son; who changed his name, and was crowned King of Scotland, under the title of "Robert the Third."

118. James the First, King of Scotland; his son; was, at the age of fourteen years, imprisoned in the tower of London, and remained there a prisoner for nineteen years. He was murdered in 1437; when his son, James the Second, was only six years old.

119. James the Second, King of Scotland: his son; was slain by the splinter of a cannon, which bursted at the siege of Roxburgh, in 1460. This James [2] had a brother named Ninion ("noinin:" Irish, a daisy), who was ancestor of Craig of Banbridge, and of Stewart of Baltimore, Maryland, United States, America.

120. James the Third, King of Scotland: son of King James the Second; slain in 1488.

121. James the Fourth, King of Scotland: his son; was slain in the battle of Floddenfleld, fought against the English, A.D.1513. This James was married to Margaret, eldest daughter of King Henry the Seventh of England.

122. James the Fifth, King of Scotland: his son; died in 1542.

123. Mary Stewart for Stuart), "Queen of Scots:" his only daughter and heir; was proclaimed Queen of Scotland, A.D. 1542; and beheaded on the 8th February, 1587, leaving issue one son by her second husband, Henry Stuart, lord Darn-ley. Mary, Queen of Scots, was first married to the Dauphin of France; where the sirname "Stewart " first assumed the form of Stuart.

124. James Stuart, known as James the Sixth of Scotland: her son; b. in Edinburgh Castle, 19th June, 1566; m. Anne, daughter of Frederick II., King of Denmark, and had by her issue—1. Henry (d. 6th Nov., 1612, aged 19 years), 2. Charles, and 3. Elizabeth who married in 1613, Frederick, Elector of the Palatine of Bavaria, afterwards King of Bohemia, on whose youngest daughter Sophia the succession to the English Crown was settled by Act of Parliament, A.D. 1710. This James, who (see p. 40) is No. 128 on the "Lineal Descent of the Royal Family," was King James the First of England; where, on the death of Queen Elizabeth, who died without issue, he began to reign on the 24th day of March,A.D.1603. He died on the 27th March, 1625, of a tertian ague, at his Palace of Theobalds, Herts, and was buried at Westminster. In his reign, as King of England, took place what is called the " Ulster Plantation" of Ireland; meaning that the province of Ulster was seized by the English Government of that period, and parcelled out amongst English and Scotch adventurers, who were then planted in Ulster. See the "Flight of the Earls," in the Appendix.

———————"On Queen Elizabeth's demise,

The Scottish JAMES her vacant place supplies,

Uniting into one, both crowns he claims,

And then conjunctively Great Britain names."


125. Charles I.: son of King James I., of England; b. at Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland, 19th November, 1600; crowned at Westminster, 6th Feb., 1626, and at Holyrood, 18th June, 1633; m. Henrietta, dau. of Henry IV., King of France, by his wife, Mary de Medici. Issue by her—Charles; Mary, who was married to William, Prince of Orange, father of King William the Third of England; James; Henry, who died in 1660; Elizabeth, who died in 1649; and Henrietta (d. 20th Jan., 1670), who was married in 1661 to Philip, duke of Orleans. This Charles was, by the Cromwellian party, beheaded, 30th January, 1648-9, in front of the Banqueting House, Whitehall, London. His body was exposed to public view in one of the apartments; and afterwards privately buried in St. George's, Windsor. On the death of King Charles I., his son Charles II., after a period of twelve years' despotism under the "Protectorate" of Cromwell, returned from exile in France and Holland; landed at Dover, 25th May, 1660; entered London on the 30th of that month—his thirtieth birthday; ascended the throne of England, and was crowned at Westminster 23rd April, 1661. Charles II. was born at St. James's Palace, London, in 1630; m. Catherine, Infanta of Portugal, 20th May, 1662, by whom he had no issue. This "Merry Monarch" died 6th Feb., 1685, it is said of apoplexy; but Burnet says, in his "History of his own Times," that there was strong suspicion that Charles II. had been poisoned.

126. James II.: second son of King Charles I.; b. in Edinburgh Castle, in 1633; crowned at Westminster; and reigned from 1685 to 1688. He was twice married: first to Anne (d. in 1671), dau. of Hyde, earl of Clarendon, by whom he had Mary, who was married to William of Nassau, Prince of Orange; Queen Anne; and other children; married secondly, 30th September, 1673, a dau. of Alphonso D'Este, duke of Modena, of whom he had one son.

James II., having by the Revolution been deprived of the throne of Great Britain and Ireland, was hospitably received, himself, his family, and his friends who accompanied him to France, by Louis XIV., at the palace of St. Germain; he was in 1696 offered the Crown of Poland, which he declined. He died on the 16th September, 1701.

127. James-Francis-Edward: son of James II.; by some called "King James the Third," by others "The Pretender;" b. at St. James's Palace, London, 20th June, 1688; married 2nd September, 1719, the Princess Maria-Clementina Sobieski, (daughter of Prince James-Louis Sobieski, son of John Sobieski, King of Poland, who, in 1683, saved Vienna and Europe from the Turks), and had by her issue two sons. This James Stuart died at Rome, 30th December, 1765, and was there interred.

128. Charles-Edward: son of James-Francis-Edward; commonly called " The Young Pretender;" b. at Rome 31st December, 1720; m. in 1772 Louisa (who d. 1824), dau. of Prince Sobieski of Gedern in Germany, and had by her issue one son. This Charles-Edward in 1745 landed in Scotland, with the view of regaining the Crown of Great Britain and Ireland; but was ultimately defeated at Culloden,A.D.1746. He escaped to France, accompanied by Vera-O'Sullivan and the renowned Flora MacDonald; d. January, 1788, at Albano, in Italy, and was buried at Rome.

129. Charles-Edward, living in 1830: son of Charles-Edward; m. Catherine Bruce [3] (at the Peak Derbyshire, England), by whom he had issue—John-Sobieski Stuart, and Charles-Edward Stuart. John Sobieski Stuart, who was called Compt D'Albanie, did on the marriage of his younger brother, resign his claim to the throne; he died February, 1872.

130. Charles-Edward (3): second son of Charles-Edward; married Anne De La Poer Beresford.

131. Charles-Edward (4): his son; who, on the 15th June, 1874, married Alice Hay, daughter of the late Earl of Erroll, at the Roman Catholic Church, Spanish-place, London; living in Austria, in 1880.


[1] Margery: It is recorded that King James the First of England jocosely used to say —' It was through a lassie (meaning this Margery) that the Stuarts obtained the crown of Scotland; and it was through a lassie (meaning Queen Elizabeth) that they succeeded to the crown of England."

[2] James: In his "History of Scotland" Sir Walter Scott states that James the First, King of Scotland, had two sons, one of whom died in childhood without issue; the other succeeded to the throne as James the Second. According to Collier's "History of the British Empire," James I., of Scotland, had only one son; but he had also a son named Ninion.

[3] Catherine Bruce: The Charles-Edward Stuart who married Catherine Bruce, was, for fear of assassination, brought up under an alias " Hay Allen;" he was known in Scotland as Iolar ("iolar:" Irish, an eagle). An old Highlander, one of those who saw the last of "Iolar" in Scotland, uttered the following words:—

"Dhia beannachd an la ! agus Eirichibh air sgiath nam Beann Iolar oig uasal a'h-Albainn."

And the exclamation of the Highlander, who last saw "Iolar" and Catherine Bruce, his wife, was:—

"On beannachd dhuib-se uasail aillidh rothaitneach do dh' Albainn."